Thousands of years ago, King Duong Vuong, King of Xich Quy, married Long
Nu, a princess from Dong Dinh Ho lake. Because of Long
Nu’s origin, their son Sung Lam, popularly known as Lac
Long Quan, was believed to be descended from the line of the
Dragons. Lac Long Quan had superhuman strength, and he liked
to stay near water. He succeeded to the throne of his father,
and governed the Lac-Viet tribe.
Lai, king of a northern tribe, with his daughter Au Co made a
trip to visit the south. Admiring Lac Long Quan’s talent,
De Lai married Au Co to Lac Long Quan. Au Co became pregnant
and gave birth to a membraneous sac. The sac kept getting larger
and larger, and burst on the seventh day. There were one hundred
eggs in the sac, and they hatched into one hundred beautiful
though Lac Long Quan now had a family of his own, he often missed
the coast and visited his mother Long Nu frequently. Au Co was
unhappy with his absence.
Long Quan told Au Co: "I am from the Dragon line. I like
to dwell on the Coast. You are from the Fairy line, you like
to be on highlands. Therefore, we can no longer live together.
It is better that we separate now. You take fifty children to
the highlands, and I will take fifty children down the coast..."
Lac Long Quan took fifty children to the coast and divided the
areas to govern. He taught his people the skills of fishing and
the art of tattoos so that when they dove into the water, the
tattoos would scare off other marine animals.
also educated the people about agriculture -- how to sow rice
seeds and harvest rice. He showed them how rice can be cooked
in a bamboo tube with some water and broiled over an open fire.
When done, the bamboo tube is split and delicious cooked rice
Co took fifty children to the highlands, and also divided the
areas to govern. The people who went to live in the jungle
or the mountainous regions learned to breed animals, and worked
the land to grow fruit trees for food. They lived above the ground
in houses built on stilts made of bamboo trees, to avoid wild
Even though Lac Long Quan and Au Co were separated, Lac Long Quan
stated: "Despite the distance and separation, we must listen
for one another and lend a hand to one another when needed. We
must never let our bond be broken."
Ever since, the Bach-Viet race has scattered throughout SouthEast
Asia. The children of Lac Long Quan and Au Co are the ancestors
of Vietnam, and so the Vietnamese are known as "Dragon and